Cremini Mushrooms are good for your health and delicious. Therefore, you must try to grow it.
Some of you may think that growing this type of vegetable is difficult. But, once you find out the steps to growing cremini mushrooms, you will be able to grow it successfully. As a result, you will have a nice harvest.
- 1 What is Mushroom?
- 2 Poisonous Mushrooms
- 3 Mushrooms that are Fit for Consumption
- 4 Everything You Need to Know about Cremini Mushrooms
- 5 How to Grow Cremini Mushrooms
- 6 Video on How Growing Cremini Mushrooms
What is Mushroom?
Before discussing cremini mushrooms in particular, we need to know in general what are mushrooms?
Mushrooms are members of fungi. They are different from other vegetable plants. They do not have leaves, stems, and flowers.
They are the fruiting bodies of organisms that are hidden in the soil or decomposing materials, for example rotting leaves and rotting trees.
Not all mushrooms are safe to eat. Some of them are poisonous. Those which contain toxic are usually wild mushrooms.
There are no certain signs that show a mushroom is poisonous. Some of them even have some resemblance to the edible ones.
These are some of the poisonous mushrooms that are commonly known.
Amanita phalloides is a poisonous mushroom. It looks like some edible mushrooms. However, consuming it can cause death.
That’s why it is also known as the death cap.
Psychedelic or Psilocybin Mushroom
Meanwhile, certain mushrooms can cause hallucinations if eaten. It is because they contain hallucinogens and psychoactive.
They are grouped as psychedelic mushrooms. Some of them are in the genus of Psilocybin. Meanwhile, people usually call them magic mushrooms or shrooms.
These mushrooms can cause effects on the body and mind. Some of the physical effects are nausea, muscle weakness, increased blood pressure and heart rates, drowsiness, and lack of coordination.
Meanwhile, some of the mental effects are visual or auditory hallucinations, euphoria, panic reactions, and paranoia.
The effects above usually last for a certain period. However, their intensity cannot be measured.
Some mushrooms caused more intense effects than the other. And most importantly, it is illegal to possess and consume them.
Conditionally Edible Mushrooms
Some poisonous mushrooms are edible. The poison of these fungi will disappear once they are cooked.
Some of them are tawny grisette, the blusher, wood blewit, and field blewit.
Mushrooms that are Fit for Consumption
There are various edible mushrooms that you can grow. They require different growing conditions. Moreover, they also have different characteristics.
As a result, before you start the process of growing mushrooms, you must know everything about them. These are some popular choices of mushrooms you can grow at home.
If you are a beginner, it is recommended for you to grow oyster mushrooms. They can adapt to a wide range of temperatures, from 20o C to 30o C.
These mushrooms usually fruit in the spring to fall. Therefore, the best time to grow them is in early spring to late summers
Oyster mushrooms are available in various colors. You can grow black oysters, white oysters, pink oysters, and yellow oysters.
All of them require a high level of moisture, between 55% and 70%. Moreover, you will need a mix of sawdust substrates.
You can grow oysters indoors, such as garage, dark cabinet, and cellar.
Oysters take 2 to 3 months to fruit if you use the best substrates. But, if you use logs of wood, it can take to 6 months.
This particular mushroom is very popular but expensive. But, if you grow it at home, you can enjoy it freely without spending too much money.
Shiitake is best grown in winter. It usually fruits in mid-summer. The best medium to grow is on logs. It is recommended to use oak, chestnut, beech, sweetgum, and ash wood.
Shiitake mushrooms will fruit in about 6 to 12 months.
You can harvest them a couple of times a year. They will continue fruiting every summer for 3 to 7 years. Shiitake is best grown outdoors.
You can place the logs in sheds or under tall trees. If you are impatient with it, you can get shiitake to grow kit. It only takes 3 months to grow this mushroom if you use this grow kit.
Lion’s Mane Mushrooms
This type of mushroom is pretty easy to grow, especially if you use the grow kit. Its shape is unique, like a lion’s mane.
This mushroom requires high humidity, about 85%. However, you must be careful about spraying water to keep the environment humid.
This mushroom will suffer from bruises if it gets direct contact with water.
If a mushroom grows kit is too expensive for you, you can grow it on logs. It takes about 6 months for this mushroom to fruit. It usually will fruit maximally after a year.
You can harvest it for 6 years or less. If you use a grow kit, it will fruit in 3 months or less. It is best grown in an area with a temperature between 18o C to 21o C and little light.
Morel is another popular mushroom to grow. It is usually fruiting in the spring and grows on the ground.
Therefore, you need to prepare the bed before growing it. It must be located by a tree. Once it is prepared, you can grow this mushroom.
It may take a year or two for the mushroom to fruit. But, once it fruits, it will continue fruiting for several years.
You can start growing this morel mushroom in the spring, summer, or fall. To grow it you can use a morel growing kit.
However, you can also grow it without a kit. To do that, you can get the spores from store-bought morel mushrooms.
This type of mushroom has small white caps and small stems. It is usually fruiting in the winter. In growing enoki, you must choose a cool area with a temperature between 4o C and 10o C.
Moreover, it also requires about 90% of the humidity level. It takes about 2 to 4 weeks for the enoki to be ready to harvest.
This cremini mushrooms have a large-cap, about 12 cm in diameter. You can grow it indoors and outdoors. But, you need to make sure that the temperature is between 18o C and 21o C.
For indoor growing, you need a tray filled with peat moss, compost, and newspaper. You can start growing it anytime you want.
But, if you choose to do it outdoors, you must grow this cremini mushroom on a raised bed. It takes about a month to harvest cremini mushrooms.
If you need simpler steps of growing it, you can choose to purchase a cremini growing kit.
Everything You Need to Know about Cremini Mushrooms
Therefore, if you want to be successful in performing the steps of growing cremini mushrooms, you must get to know more about it.
Part of Cremini Mushrooms
Cremini mushrooms have different parts of the body compared to other vegetable plants. You need to know what they are before starting the process of growing cremini mushrooms.
It is the upper part of the cremini mushrooms. Its shape is similar to a cap. There are pores or gills on the underside of a cap. When the cremini mushrooms are matured, these structures will release the spores.
It is the stem of cremini mushrooms. Different mushrooms have different characteristics of the stipe. Young cremini mushrooms usually have tender stems. But, the older ones usually have tougher stems.
It is the base of cremini mushrooms. Mycelium is in the form of fine threads (hyphae) network. It has a function like roots. Therefore, it absorbs water and nutrients from the medium where they grow.
They are cremini mushrooms’ reproductive cells. Spores will develop into mushrooms in the right medium and environment.
Growing Conditions of Cremini Mushrooms
Some people are failed in growing their cremini mushrooms because they don’t provide the right growing conditions for these vegetables.
Therefore, you must prepare the growing environment properly when you are in the process of growing cremini mushrooms.
These are some of the things you need to pay attention to when preparing for the environment.
Cremini mushrooms do not need light to develop because they don’t have chlorophyll to process nutrients.
Therefore, you don’t need to concern about the light when growing cremini mushrooms. You can grow them anywhere.
But, it is more recommended to grow this vegetable in a dark room, such as the basement, especially in winter.
It is because a dark room can preserve moisture better. Moreover, certain types of cremini mushrooms must not be exposed to direct sunlight.
Moisture plays an important role in the process of growing mushrooms. If you don’t provide a moist environment for this vegetable to grow, you will not have any harvest of cremini mushrooms.
Different types of cremini mushrooms usually require different levels of moisture.
You need to grow cremini mushrooms at the right temperature. Different cremini mushrooms require different temperatures to grow.
Button cremini mushrooms usually need cooler temperatures than shiitake mushrooms.
Cremini mushrooms need different composition of nutrients compared to common vegetable plants. They require starch, sugar, protein, nitrogen, and fats.
If you plan to grow cremini mushrooms at home, you need to make sure that you provide a growing medium that is rich in nutrients.
There are choices of mediums that you can use to grow cremini mushrooms. However, not all cremini mushrooms need the same mediums.
Some of them will thrive in a log. Meanwhile, others may prefer compost.
How to Grow Cremini Mushrooms
There are four methods of growing mushrooms. Each of them has different levels of difficulties. But, the easiest one is usually the most expensive.
These are the four of them.
1. How to Grow Cremini Mushrooms on Logs
This technique of growing cremini mushrooms is affordable. But, it is a bit challenging. To perform this technique, you need old and healthy logs.
They must be clean and never been used to grow mushrooms before it. Moreover, their size must be 12 cm in diameter and 45 cm long.
Once you have the logs, you can do these steps.
- Soak the logs in water if they are not moist enough.
- Drill the whole surface of a log to create holes for the mushrooms to grow. The holes are about 2.5 cm deep and space them 3 cm apart.
- Fill in the holes with mushroom spawn (this process is called inoculation). You can create mushroom spawn from a mix of spores with sawdust, woodchip, or straw.
- Seal the holes with cheese wax.
- Place the logs in a shady and moist area. Stack them diagonally so that they form triangles.
- Cover the logs with a row cover to maintain moisture.
- After a couple of months, mycelium (white thread) will cover the logs. You need to keep the logs moist at this stage.
- Soak the logs in water in the summer.
- After they dry up, mushrooms will start fruiting.
2. How to Grow Cremini Mushrooms Directly to the Ground
Not all mushrooms can grow directly to the ground. Therefore, this technique is mostly for morel and Cremini Mushrooms. In this method, you need to create a 1 x 1 m bed on shady areas.
You can follow these steps to perform this technique.
- Burn some wood chips to create ashes
- Mix 1 part of ashes with 1 part of wood chips and 1 part peat moss into the soil
- Rake the area of about 1 cm deep so that the substrate is spread evenly.
- Create the spawn. You can make it by boiling a gallon of water. Add 1 tablespoon of molasses and ¼ teaspoon of salt to the water. Cooldown the water so that it reaches room temperature. Add the spores to the water and mix them. Close the container and let the mix sit for 44 hours.
- Pour the spawn on the prepared bed.
- Cover the bed using hardwood chips.
- The mushroom will be fruiting in several weeks.
3. How to Grow Cremini Mushrooms on Sawdust Substrate
There are several choices of the substrate that can be used to grow mushrooms.
Some of them are straw, coffee ground, woodchips, and sawdust. But, one of the most commonly used is the sawdust substrate. It is good to grow oyster, shiitake, and lion’s mane.
To create it, you need to follow these steps.
- Use a 5 gallon bucket to mix 1 pound of coarse sawdust, ½ pound of wood chips, ¼ pound or rice bran, and ¼ pound of millet.
- While mixing them, add water bit by bit until the mix has the right consistency. The mix must be moist, without a pool of water at the bottom of the bucket.
- Fill a 2-pound plastic bag with this mix. The bag must have a filter patch to allow gases to get out of the mix.
- Fold the plastic bag.
- Set a pressure cooker to 121o C. Fill it with enough water and place the steamer basket.
- Place the bag in the basket and cook for 2 hours.
- Relieve the pressure from the cooker and remove the substrate
- Let the block of the substrate to cool down in a clean area.
- Once the block is about 29o C, you can inoculate it with spawn.
4. How to Grow Cremini Mushrooms with Mushroom Kits
If you don’t have time to prepare the substrate and the spawn, you can purchase cremini mushroom kits. It is very practical and fun to use.
You only need to spray the substrate and you’ll be able to harvest your mushrooms.
Growing cremini mushrooms at home can be very beneficial for you. One of them is that certain mushrooms have medicinal value.
Therefore, it can improve your health. And most importantly, you can save some money on this vegetable.
Read also when to plant iris bulbs.