There are many flowers that will brighten up your garden. However, no flowers can do it as the sunflowers do. Another good thing about them is that they are easy to plant, especially if you know how to plant sunflowers.
These flowers are big. Some of them are even as big as a plate. Moreover, they also have bright yellow color that is very eye-catching.
After knowing more about this wonderful plant, many people will surely want to grow it in their garden. If you want it too, you need to know how to plant sunflowers.
And if you do it right, you will surely see the beautiful blooms in the summer.
Growing this flower will not only make your garden beautiful. But, it will spark some hopes in your chest and make you more cheerful.
These are the steps of how to plant sunflowers directly to the ground.
Since sunflowers need 6 to 8 hours of sun a day, you need to make sure that you plant them at the right spot. Once you choose the site, you need to prepare the soil.
These plants do not only need well-drained soil. But, they also prefer well-dug and loosen soil.
To create it, you need to dig an area about 2 feet deep and 3 feet wide. Loosen the soil in this area and mix it with compost.
If you don’t have compost, you can add slow release fertilizer into the soil, about 8 inches deep.
2. Planting The Seed
Once you prepare the site, you need to perform the next step of how to plant sunflowers. If you plant sunflowers for bouquets, you had better choose the dwarf type seeds.
But, if you plant sunflowers for the seeds, you need to choose the tall varieties. You need to plant the seeds 6 inches far apart.
The seeds must be planted about an inch deep. After that, fill the little holes with soil and moist the soil. You need to keep the soil moist by watering it for about 10 days or until the seeds germinate.
Later, when they are 6 inches tall, you need to thin the plants. Tall sunflowers need to be planted 2 feet apart and the smaller ones can be planted 6 inches apart.
3. Taking Care of The Plant
To have thriving sunflowers, you need to take care of them properly. These are what you need to do.
Young plants need to be planted carefully. It is important to only water the soil about, 4 inches from the stem.
Later, when they are older, you can water them deeply, but infrequently. If the weather is very hot, you need to increase the amount of water.
Sunflowers do not require large amount of fertilizer. Over fertilizing can even cause damage to them. Therefore, it is better for you to fertilize the soil at the planting time.
If your soil is thin and poor, you can mix fertilizer and water. After that, apply the diluted fertilizer about 18 inches from the stem.
Staking is important if you grow tall sunflower variety with a single stem and a large flower. Stakes will help them stay upright.
Moreover, they also help the plants keep standing in the wind. In supporting them, you can use bamboo stakes.
Fighting Pests and Diseases
Sunflowers are usually prone to rust, powdery mildew, and downy mildew. To fight those fungal diseases, you can spray the plants with fungicide.
Moreover, certain moths may lay eggs on the flowers. Therefore, you need to remove the worm from these flowering plants.
Cutting The Flowers for Bouquets
A sunflower bouquet can last for about a week. To create it, you need to cut the flowers’ stems before they bloom. In cutting them, you had better do it in the morning.
After that, put the flowers in a tall vase. Moreover, to make the flowers last longer, change the water every day.
Harvesting The Seeds
If you want to harvest sunflower seeds for snack or to plant them in the next season, you need to leave the flowers dry on the stem or off the stem.
After they are dry, remove the seeds from the center of the flowers. Next, rinse the seeds let it dry for a night.
If you want to snack on those seeds, you need to roast them. But, if you want to plant the seeds, you need to store the dry seeds in an airtight plastic bag.
It can be concluded that planting this yellow flowers is not difficult if you know how to plant sunflowers. Moreover, planting sunflower plants at the same time will give you sunflower blooms at once.
If you want to prolong the blooms in your garden, you can plant them successively, every two weeks. Therefore, you will have sunflower blooms all through the summer to early fall.