Everything about Succulents and How to Plant it
Having various succulents in your garden can create a beautiful exterior. They have attractive colors and shapes. Therefore, with the right combinations of succulents, you will be able to have an eye-catching garden and exterior. Moreover, this type of plant can be planned in pots and placed indoor. But, you need to know how to plant succulents if you want to create this beauty.
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Get to Know More about Succulents
Succulents are easy to plant. Therefore, it is perfect for amateur gardeners. In addition, it is also perfect for you who don’t have much time for gardening but want to have an attractive garden or houseplants. But, even though they are easy to plant, it doesn’t mean that you can neglect them. In order to have healthy and long lasting ones, you must perform the steps of how to plant succulents appropriately.
In addition, it is important for you to understand more about characteristics and facts of succulents. Knowing them will allow you to choose the right plants for your garden or your houseplants. Moreover, it will also help you to have proper preparation before you start the process of how to plant succulents. These are some facts you need to know about succulents.
1. What are Succulents?
Succulents are plants which are well adapted to drought and have unusually fleshy stems and leaves because of water-storing tissue t inside them. Most succulents are xerophytes since they can live in dry environments. However, there are certain succulents which are not xerophytes because they are aquatic.
Gardeners and botanists usually included cacti among other succulents. However, based on the term of ‘succulent’ in horticultural uses, cacti is not included in the succulent group. Therefore, different experts have different opinions in classifying which plants are succulents and which are not.
This kind of plants usually performs CAM photosynthesis. Therefore, they open their stomata at nights to absorb carbon dioxide. They perform this mechanism so that they can minimize evaporation. Later on, this carbon dioxide will be used in their photosynthesis process during the day.
These particular plants are found living in all over the world, except Antarctica. They are originally from dry regions, i.e. semi-desserts, steppes, and deserts. But, there are only small amount of succulents that are found growing in the driest desert in Africa and Australia. Therefore, it can be concluded that this kind of plant cannot grow well in extremely dry and harsh environment.
However, those plants can grow well in dry areas. Moreover, some of them can grow in areas in which other plants cannot grow. For examples, there are certain succulents that are found living in dry lakes and sea coasts. Those areas have high amounts of dissolve minerals which are dangerous for many plants. Meanwhile, others grow on other plants or as epiphytes.
It is said that succulents can live in dry areas for two years without water. This is one of the reasons why it is easy to grow succulents. However, most people want their succulents to grow healthy and live longer. In order to achieve these objects, you need to know how to plant succulents.
If you don’t have much space to grow these plants, you can plant them on pots or containers and keep them indoor. As long as you place them in the right area and care for them properly, your succulent houseplants will thrive indoor.
3. Beautiful Succulents and Their Characteristics
There are hundreds of succulent plants that you can grow. However, not all of them have similar characteristics. Therefore, it is important for you to know the characteristics of the succulents you want to plant. If you know their particular characteristics, you will surely be successful in performing the steps of how to plant succulents
These are some beautiful and popular succulents you can grow indoor and outdoor.
This succulent plant is also called zwartkop and sometimes “black rose”. This plant has rosette shape leaves with dark burgundy color. It needs full sun. Therefore, you must grow it outdoor. When winter is coming, zwartkop will bear yellow flowers. These flowers will create an attractive contrast and make this plant more beautiful.
The size of this plant is between 6 inches and 24 inches wide and tall. Moreover, it is suitable to USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11. Zwartkop loves growing in cluster. Therefore you can plant it in groups. The best place to plant this succulent is in a sunny border of your garden or flower beds.
This particular plant is one of the most popular succulents. One of the reasons why people love this plant is that there are many varieties of echeviera which are available in different color. You can choose one in green, dark purple, light purple, silver grey, and green tipped red. In addition, it is cute because its size is about 2 inches tall and about 4 inches wide.
Another thing that makes this plant popular is its shape. Echeviera has rosette-shape plant. Therefore, it looks pretty and beautiful. Moreover, this plant can thrive well in outdoor and indoor. If you want to grow echeviera, you must plant them in a sunny area. It is suitable to USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11.
This plant has scientific name sempervivum tectorum. The meaning of this name is “live forever.” It is because this plant is very easy to grow. Therefore, this succulent is perfect for you who don’t have a green thumb. Hens and chicks have rosette shape and look beautiful. Moreover, if you take care of it properly, this plant will sprout pretty red flowers.
In addition, this particular succulent has the ability to propagate quickly. The offspring of this plant are called plantlets or chicks. That’s why peopl call this succulent hens and chicks. Actually, this plant can only last for three years. But, because of the quick propagation, it can last for a long time. Hens and chicks grow well in full sun and are available in various colors.
Sedum is another popular succulent. This plant is suitable to USDA hardiness zone 11. Moreover, it prefers shaded and protected area. Therefore, you can grow it easily indoor. In addition, there are various varieties of sedum. You can choose one which grows in shrubs or vines.
This particular plant is also called sansiviera. It is very easy to maintain. Therefore, if you don’t have much time to take care of it, this snake plant will stay look fresh and beautiful. In addition, it can grow up to 12 feet high.
Sansiviera can thrive well in an area with full sun or partially shaded. However, this plant can also grow well indoor. If you have a snake plant as a houseplant, you will get benefits from it. According to researches, this plant can improve the air quality in your home.
There are other popular succulents that you can choose. For outdoor planting, you can choose agave ovatifolia, cotyledon orbiculata, ball cactus, and sunburst. Meanwhile, for indoor planting, you can choose euphorbia milii, flaming katy, panda plant, and aloe vera.
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How to Plant Succulents
Before you start the process of how to plant succulents, you need to understand that most of them can tolerate drought. But, only a few can tolerate below freezing temperature. They are supervivums and sedums. In consequence, if you want to plant them outdoor, you must consider their hardiness zone. To be safe, it is better for you to grow succulents in pots. Therefore, you can put them indoor in winter.
If you want to have succulents outdoor on indoor, you need to have them first. You can buy them in the nearest nursery. Moreover, you also need to get some pots and pot screens. Once you have them, you can follow these steps of how to plant succulents.
1. Preparing The Pot
Different succulents require different types of pots. Succulents with shallow roots can grow well in wide and shallow pots. But others which can grow pretty big or tall may need deeper pots. Therefore, it is important for you to consider the root types of the succulents you are going to plant.
In addition, you also need to make sure that the pots you choose has excellent drainage. If they are not, you must add a couple of holes on its bottom. Moreover, you need to place commercial pot screens at the bottom of the pots. With these screens, the soil will stay in the pots when the water drains out.
2. Prepare The Soil
Succulents require different soil characteristics from other plants. Therefore, you need to prepare the soil properly. Your plants will thrive happily if you plant them in a medium which consist coarse sand, perlite, and potting soil in equal parts.
However, if you don’t have time to mix them, you can buy potting soil which is intended for succulents. Most people call it succulent mix. After that, you can fill the pots with this mix. In doing it, you need to fill them almost to the top. Then, you must continue to the next step of how to plant succulents.
The planting process must be done very carefully. Therefore, the roots of the plants are not broken or damaged. But, before planting them, you must clean the previous soil from the roots. Next, place the succulents in the pots. After that, cover the roots with little amount of soil mix. You need to make sure that the roots can breathe
After that, you must add the top dressing. This dressing can be in the form of small gravels. When adding the gravels, you need to add some pressure on the soil around the plant. Therefore, your plants will stay in place. After planting them, you must not water this plant. Leave the plants without water for two days. Then, you can water it until the soils is pretty moist.
Succulents may not require much maintenance. However, you must not neglect them completely. In order to keep these plants healthy, you can follow these tips.
Succulents can tolerate dry environment well. But, you must water it properly. It is okay to let the soil dry between watering. But, during the growing season, i.e. spring and summer, you need to make sure that the soil stays moist.
These plants do not need a lot of fertilizer. However, you need to fertilize the plants during the growing season. In fertilizing the plants, you can use a mix of liquid fertilizer and water. Apply this mix appropriately so that your plants are not over fertilized. Moreover, if you see any signs that they are not healthy, you can apply this fertilizer.
It is important for your succulents to get enough sun. However, you must remember that some of them can tolerate partially shaded environment and indirect sunlight. Therefore, you don’t need to place them in extremely sunny and hot areas. If you see any sunburnt signs on your plants, you must relocate them in a more shady area.
Certain succulents will propagate and produce the small versions of them. Others will grow longer stems. Therefore, you need to prune them. For the former, you can snips their clones and plant them on other pots. Meanwhile, for the latter you can cut the tops. After that, plant the tops on other pots and let the stems grow another top.
Most succulent plants require vegetative propagation. Some of them can be propagated by leaf cuttings method. Others can be propagated by stem cutting method. In addition, certain succulents propagate by producing plantlets, such as hens and chicks. Moreover, others can be propagated by separating their roots.
As a result, you can propagate your succulents easily by cutting the leaves and stems or separating roots. In propagating them, first, you need to place them on a clean and dry area for a few weeks. After that, you will see them start to wither and sprout roots. At this time, you need to prepare some pots and fill them with succulent mix. Then, you can plant the cloned succulents.
Succulents are attractive. They can make your exterior and interior look more eye-catching, especially if you mix different colors of these plants. However, to make sure that they grow well and beautiful, you need to perform the steps of how to plant succulents above.
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