One of the vegetables that is loved by many people is Lettuce. Lettuce is often used as an ingredient in making salads, sandwiches, and even other foods. This article presents how to plant lettuce that you can do by yourself.
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Lettuce is a plant that can grow in areas with a moderate or tropical climate. Lettuce is very often used as a vegetable and a main ingredient of salads, and you often find it in foods like hotdogs or hamburgers. It is believed that lettuce originated in the eastern part of the Mediterranean.
There are several types of lettuce commonly cultivated, including butterhead, lollo rosso, romaine lettuce, Boston lettuce, head lettuce, radicchio, and lolo Verde. Some of its characteristics are as follows.
- Lollo Verde, often referred to as curly lettuce. Its characteristics are to have slender leaves but with a wavy or curly tip. The bone leaves are white with a soft texture.
- Lollo Rosso, similar to curly lettuce, but what distinguishes it is the color of the leaves. They are reddish. Its texture is soft and crispy
- Iceberg Lettuce has a large bulb. The leaves are multi-layered and dense
- Cos/Romaine Lettuce has a shape similar to chicory. Green leaf color with an elongated shape.
- Boston Lettuce has a tuber at the bottom of the base. The texture is also crispy
- Radicchio has a physical form that is visibly different from other lettuce. The leaves are dark red with white fibers. Elongated round shape and taste a little bitter.
- Butterhead has yellow leaf sheet.
Learn more about how to grow asparagus.
How to Plant Lettuce at Home
1. Selection of Superior Lettuce Seeds
Before planting lettuce, make sure you have determined the type of salad you want. Some examples of lettuce are lollo Verde, lollo rosso, iceberg lettuce (head lettuce), cos/romaine lettuce, Boston lettuce, radicchio, and butterhead. Each type of lettuce has a slightly different texture and taste.
To get lettuce seeds, you can get them on local farmers. Make sure the lettuce seed that you buy has good quality. Starting with quality seeds, it will get healthy, and high-quality lettuce is also higher.
2. Planting Media Preparation
If lettuce seeds have been prepared, then the next step of the six ways to plant lettuce and care in the preparation of planting media. The required planting media must meet the requirements of growing from lettuce plants. The following planting media that need to be provided to plant lettuce seeds.
- Loose soil and soil with good nutrition.
- Manure or compost
- Rice Husk
- Pot or polybag that has been given a hole in the bottom
- Pock or a kind of tool for mixing soil and fertilizer
- A Flush device with enough water
3. Seeding Lettuce Seeds
Do seeding by following the steps below.
- Mix soil, rice husks, and manure or compost in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.
- Mix the mixture thoroughly using a spoon or similar device.
- Fill ¾ the pot or polybag used with a mixture of soil, rice husk, and manure.
- Make a hole in the middle as deep as 2 cm.
- Place two seeds or lettuce seeds in the hole that has been made in each pot or polybag.
- Hoard seeds or lettuce seeds with a mixture of soil and fertilizer.
- Compact the soil by gently patting.
- Flush with enough water. Do it gently. Make sure the seed media stays moist.
Lettuce seeds begin to germinate after 3 to 4 days. Keep watering the seeds that are sown regularly. Allow the seedlings to grow in the nursery until they are 17 days old. At this age, the seedlings usually have as many as 4 to 5 leaves. These seeds are ready to be planted to media or land that is more permanent.
4. Processing of Lettuce Seedling Planting
Before moving to permanent land, the vital thing to do is to cultivate the planted area yourself. Planting land needs to be given a specific treatment so that the productivity of land increases. Here are some steps to improve lettuce plantations so that they are more fertile and ready for planting.
- Provide land for planting lettuce seeds in an open area.
- Do land sterilization by weeding or eradicating weeds.
- Do loose ground.
- Hoe it with a depth of about 10 cm. You can adjust the size of the lettuce seeds.
- Give compost into your land.
- Leave your land for about two days.
- Hoe the land to smooth the soil with fertilizer and husk charcoal.
5. Transfer of Lettuce Seeds
Seed transfer can be done if the seedlings are ready for planting and the land is ready for planting. The following are the steps in transferring lettuce seeds. The key is to be careful. Do it according to the following steps.
- Tear off the polybag you used to plant lettuce seeds.
- If using a pot, do a simple lap around the lettuce seeds.
- Make sure that the hoeing process does not touch the roots of the lettuce seeds.
- Lift the seeds to the roots.
- If there is land that is uplifted, leave it.
- Plant the lettuce seeds in the prepared planting hole.
- Fill the roots with soil.
- Solid the soil.
- Position the lettuce seeds perpendicular.
- Flush with enough water regularly.
6. Lettuce Harvesting Process
If the lettuce has reached the age of 40 to 60 days since the seeding period, then the lettuce plant is ready to be harvested. This is how to the right way to harvest lettuce.
- Remove the lettuce to its roots.
- Sort fresh lettuce leaves.
- If the lettuce is wilted or dry, throw it away!
- Wash lettuce with running water until clean.
- Group the lettuce based on the same leaf size.
- Collect in one clean basket.
- Harvest lettuce with fast motion, considering that a reasonable lettuce period is in a short period.
That’s how to plant lettuce that you can do by yourself at home.
Learn more about how to plant tomato seeds.