How to Plant Lemon Seeds – It is common for people to be skeptical about growing lemon trees from seeds. It is because many people have tried it and failed in germinating the seeds. However, if you know how to plant lemon seeds, you will be successful in growing those seeds.
One of the reasons they failed in doing it is because they use seeds from non-organic lemons.
- 1 What You Need to Know About Lemons
- 1.1 1. Origin
- 1.2 2. Lemon Fruits
- 1.3 3. Uses
- 1.4 4. Nutrition
- 1.5 5. Benefits
- 1.6 6. Varieties
- 1.7 7. Characteristics of Lemon Trees in General
- 2 How to Plant Lemon Seeds
- 3 Video on How to Plant Lemon Seeds
What You Need to Know About Lemons
Before, you find out about the methods of how to plant lemon seeds and try applying them, it is better for you to get to know more about lemons (Citrus Limon).
Knowing more about this tree will help you understand the characteristics of this tree. Therefore, you will be able to gain more success in growing this particular seed.
These are several things you must know about lemons.
The origin of lemon trees is not clear. However, it is predicted that this fruit tree is from South Asia, particularly Assam in northeast India.
From the study that was done to lemons, it is found that this fruit is a result of a mix between citron and bitter orange.
In the 2nd century AD, lemons were introduced to southern Italy. But, they were not cultivated. Later on, they were introduced to Persia, Iraq, and Egypt in 700 AD.
In addition, the lemon was recorded in Arabic literature in the 10th century. Moreover, lemon trees were also used to decorate Arabian gardens and commercially sold in Arabian countries.
Meanwhile, this fruit tree was first cultivated in Europe in the mid of the 15th century. Moreover, lemons are introduced to America in 1493.
At that time, Christopher Columbus brought the seeds of this fruit to Hispaniola. Later on, lemons were spread throughout the New World.
This tree was mainly planted for medicine and to decorate gardens.
Lemon fruits are oval and have a low and broad nipple at one end. The peel or outer rind is yellow when the fruit is ripe. In addition, this outer rind has many oil glands on it.
Under this outer skin, there is a white inner rind that is rich in pectin. Meanwhile, the pulp of this fruit is yellow and acidic.
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This particular fruit is used for making various food and beverages. The juice of this fruit is used for making cocktails, lemonade, and soft drinks.
Moreover, it is also used to marinate fish before cooking. The whole fruit is used to make lemon curd and marmalade.
Meanwhile, the rind is grated for flavoring cakes and pudding.
In certain countries, lemons are preserved in salt. Preserved lemons can last for a long time. In addition, the peel and inner rind are manufactured to produce pectin.
This particular substance is used as a stabilizer and thickening agent for various products, such as food products.
Aside from being used in food and beverages, lemon juice is mixed with baking soda and used for cleaning.
Moreover, the lemon oil that is derived from lemon peel is used as aromatherapy, and insecticide.
Lemons are rich in vitamin C. Moreover, this fruit also contains other nutrition in a small amount.
Some of them are iron, vitamin B6 and B5, calcium, folate, and potassium. With this nutrition, drinking lemon juice will help you meet your needs of nutrition, particularly your need for vitamin C.
Lemons are not only high in vitamin C. But, it is also high in antioxidants, i.e. flavonoids. With these two properties, lemons will give you some benefits if taken regularly.
These are some benefits you will get from this fruit.
Boost your immune system
The vitamin C in lemon will boost your immune system. As a result, you can stay away from the flu and the common cold during winter.
Moreover, taking more lemon juice when you are suffering from flu or mouth ulcers will help you recover from those conditions faster.
Increase iron absorption
Anemia or iron deficiency can cause various health problems. If you suffer from this condition, you need to take foods that are high in iron and fruits that are high in vitamin C at the same time.
Enough intake of this vitamin will help the body to absorb iron better. Therefore, to help your body absorbs more iron; you can drink lemon juice regularly.
Make your skin healthy
Vitamin C will boost collagen production in your skin cells. If your skin cells have more collagen, your skin will be softer, smoother, and more elastic.
In addition, this vitamin will also help your skin cells to fight aging, pollution, and sun exposure. As a result, you will have healthier skin.
Lower the risk of stroke
Flavonoids found in lemons can lower your risk of ischemic stroke which is very common.
This condition is caused by a blood clot that prevents the blood to flow into the brain. If you want to avoid this condition, you must drink lemon juice on a regular basis.
The antioxidants and vitamin C in lemon will protect your cells from oxidants and free radicals.
They can damage your cells and may lead the development of cancerous cells. But, if you drink lemon juice regularly, you can lower your risk of cancer.
There are several varieties of lemons. They don’t have exactly the same characteristics.
Therefore, when you start the process of how to plant lemon seeds, you must know what variety of lemons you grow.
As a result, you can take care of them properly. These are some variety of lemon fruits that you will find in the markets.
This particular lemon can be found in the market easily. They have yellow and green variegated peel.
Eureka lemon trees are flowering and fruiting throughout the year. The height of this tree can reach up to15 feet high.
Eureka lemons are best planted outdoor.
This lemon tree can also reach up to 15 feet in height. In addition, it is also fruiting throughout the year.
The fruits have yellow peel when ripe. Similar to Eureka lemons, this lemon tree is best planted outdoor.
Improved Meyer lemons
If you want sweeter lemons, you must go for Improved Meyer lemons. This fruit is rounder than the other two varieties.
In addition, it also has a touch of orange on its peel. Improved Meyer lemons are perfect for you who want to have indoor lemon trees.
7. Characteristics of Lemon Trees in General
Other things you must know before starting the steps of how to plant lemon seeds are the characteristics of this tree. As a result, you will understand more about what these trees need.
Lemon trees grow well in tropical and subtropical areas. They will bloom beautifully and bear fruit if they live in an area in which temperature does not fall below freezing.
However, they can grow in a colder climate. But, they may not be fruiting and flowering in that climate. Even so, this particular tree will make your garden more attractive.
If you want your lemon trees to bloom and bear fruits, you can consider having them indoor in winter.
Placing them in a warm area and near a sunny window will protect them from cold winter.
Having them indoor will make you are interior look more attractive. Moreover, their white blooms will give your home a pleasant and fresh fragrance.
Later on, when the climate is warmer, you can put them outside again. In order to perform this practice, you will need to plant your lemon trees in pots.
Since lemon trees can grow tall and big, you will need to remove them in bigger pots periodically. And in order to control their height, you need to prune them properly.
Grafted lemon trees usually start fruiting between the third and fifth year. But, if you plant them from seeds, you may need more time in waiting for those trees to yield.
To increase your chance of success in growing lemon trees, you need to plant them in well-drained soils with a pH level of 5.5 to 6.5.
Moreover, you must place them in an area with full sun.
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How to Plant Lemon Seeds
Planting lemon trees from the seeds can be pretty challenging. However, if you know the technique of how to plant lemon seeds, you can face this challenge pretty well.
To get these seeds, you can collect them from the lemons you buy in the grocers. However, you need to remember that non-organic lemons usually have non-sprouting seeds.
Therefore, to increase the chance of success in germinating these seeds, you need to buy organic lemons.
They usually have seeds with a better germinating rate. In consequence, before you start the process of how to plant lemon seeds, you must buy several organic lemons.
Aside from getting those lemons, you must also prepare a seedling tray and seed starting mix. In addition, you also need water and a plastic wrap.
After you have everything ready, you can perform these steps of how to plant lemon seeds.
1. Germinating the Seeds
Germinating lemon seeds is simpler than germinating apple seeds or cherry seeds. In addition, it does not take too much time either.
These are what you need to do to germinate lemon seeds.
- Fill your seedling tray with seed starting mix.
- Make a small hole in each of the sections. This hole is about half an inch deep.
- Squish some lemon seeds from the fruits you buy. Clean them from the pulp but make sure that they stay moist.
- Put a seed in each section and cover it with the soil.
- Mist the soil until it is moist enough
- Cover the seedling tray with a plastic wrap and seal its edges. Poke small holes using the point of a pen on the top.
- Put this tray on a warm area with enough sunlight.
- Check it regularly and mist the soil if it is dry.
- Those seeds will start sprouting roots and become seedlings in two weeks or so.
- After they become seedlings, open the plastic wrap and keep misting the soil regularly.
After germinating the seeds, you can start the next step of how to plant lemon seeds, i.e. transplanting process.
This step can be done when the seedlings reach 6 inches in height and have several leaves.
Prepare several small pots and fill them with potting mix. After that, plant the seedlings carefully. Place these pots in a protected area. But, you must make sure that they get 4 hours of sun every day.
As the trees get older and bigger, you will need to repeat this transplanting process. However, be sure that the soil has the right pH level, well-drained, and fertilized enough.
The last step of how to plant lemon seeds is caring. Your young lemon trees will need regular watering. But, when they are older than a year, you need to reduce the water.
You can water it when the soil looks dry. Keeping the soil moist is enough for your lemon trees. It is because overwatering can cause damage to their roots.
Lemon trees will grow large and tall. Therefore, you need to prune your trees so that they are not too tall and you can harvest the fruit easier.
You need to prune them in early spring. But, you may also need to do it at other times during the year. However, you must not do it in winter.
This particular fruit tree needs a moderate amount of fertilizer. To fertilize them, you can use a fertilizer that is intended for citrus.
In the first year, a lemon tree only needs a pound of fertilizer a year. But, you need to add a pound of fertilizer per year until they are mature.
In fertilizing them, you can split that amount into two or three parts and apply it in a different time, except winter.
Lemon trees are self-fertile. Therefore, you don’t need to cross-pollinate it with other lemon trees.
As a result, having only a lemon tree in your garden is enough. Growing this tree is easy if you live in the right area.
Lemon trees are suited to USDA hardiness zones 9 – 11. The matured ones can stand winter. But, it is not so with the younger tree.
If you want to plant this tree, the best time is in spring.
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