Having lavender bushes in your home garden can make you’re exterior look more interesting. This flowering plant is beautiful. Moreover, its fragrance can also make your home smell good and fresh. Besides, lavender is considered as an excellent herb. Therefore, you must have it in your garden. To be successful in growing this flowering plant, you need to know how to plant lavender bushes.
Before we jump to the process of how to plant lavender bushes, you need to get to know this perennial plant first. Lavandula, or commonly called lavender, is originated from Northern Africa and Mediterranean. This flowering plant has some unique facts. Here are some of them.
1. Lavender flowers
Lavender flowers have a pretty unique shape. They are comprised of many violets florets that bloom on long narrow stems. These flowers have a pleasant and strong fragrance. However, not all species have a similar fragrance. Some of them have a sweeter and stronger fragrance than the others.
This fragrance is produced by oil glands that are found in the flowers, stems, and leaves. Moreover, this flower has a beautiful color. Most species have flowers with violet or lavender color. Due to this color, this flower often uses to symbolize elegance, grace, purity, and calmness.
2. Lavender Oil
This flowering plant is commercially cultivated for its oil. Lavender oil is used for various purposes. This oil is obtained from the lavender flowers distillation process.
Not all lavender species are used to make this essential oil. Certain species with strong and sweet fragrance are used to make this oil. Lavender oil is mostly used for topical application. It is not recommended to take this oil by mouth in a large dose. Doing it may cause headaches and constipation.
However, this oil has some great properties. Some of them are cineole, camphor, linalool, and linalyl acetate. But, not all lavender species produce the same amount of those properties.
Lavender oil from Lavandula latifolia contains a higher amount of cineole and camphor. Meanwhile, the highest amount of camphor is found in the oil from Lavandula stoechas.
Moreover, the oil made of Lavandula angustifolia contains a high amount of linalyl acetate and linalool. Besides, there is lavender oil that is made of Lavandula x intermedia which scent is less sweet.
Dried lavender flowers are often used in cooking. It is one of the ingredients in salads, pastas, desserts, and dressings. Moreover, it is also mixed with black teas to create more pleasant scented tea. The species of lavender that is used in cooking is L. Angustifolia.
Meanwhile, Lavender oil is used in skincare, cosmetics, and perfumes. Besides, it is also added in balms, salves, and other topical applications. The oil that is made of L. Latifolia, L. Angustifolia, and L. Stoechas is often used for medicinal therapy. Moreover, the oil that is made of Lavandula x intermedia is used in skincare and detergents.
Besides, dried lavender flowers are stored in a sachet and put in drawers and wardrobes. It is intended to make linen and clothes have a pleasant and fresh fragrance. Moreover, it can also make insects stay away from the drawers and wardrobes.
4. Health Benefits
Many people claimed that lavenders offer many health benefits for our bodies. But, some of them still need some further researches to be proved. These are some health benefits that you can get from lavenders.
It is widely known that lavender oil can be used to treat burns. It will soothe the pain caused by burns. One of the properties in this oil will help the wound to close and heal faster. It will also prevent infection on the wound because it has certain anti-bacterial properties.
This oil is not only good for burns. It is also good for common wounds. With the help of this oil, they will heal faster.
Relieving certain respiratory issues
The camphor found in this oil can relieve certain respiratory issues. Some examples of those issues are stuffy nose and inflammation in the respiratory system. Inhaling lavender oil aromatherapy will relieve you from those symptoms.
Treating certain muscular issues
Muscle soreness and lower back pain are some of the muscular tissues that can be treated using lavender oil. This oil has analgesic property. Therefore, massaging your sore muscle using this oil can relieve your muscle pain. Besides, it also has anti-inflammation property. Therefore, you can use it to relieve swelling caused by muscle sprain.
In relieving these symptoms, lavender oil is not only applied as a massage oil. It can also be added to your bath. Soaking your tired and sore body in a warm bath with lavender aromatherapy will calm your muscles. Therefore, your pain will be relieved.
Treating hair loss
Hair loss condition that causes baldness, such as alopecia areata, can be treated with lavender oil. It is proven that massaging the scalp using this oil for 4 to 8 weeks will grow the hair on it. However, to be successful in this treatment, you need to do it every day.
Calming the nerves
Inhaling lavender oil aromatherapy can help you calm the nerves. Therefore, your stress level or anxiety level will drop. Aside from inhaling this oil, you can also be drinking lavender tea. While drinking it, you must not forget to inhale the scent. Besides, it is said that lavender oil can help you fight insomnia. With calming nerves, of course, you will fall asleep easier.
5. Lavender Species and Cultivars
There are several lavender species in this world. Each of them has slightly different characteristics. Therefore, you need to know how to plant lavender bushes if you want to grow various lavender species in your garden. Here are some species and cultivars of this plant.
This species is also known as English lavender though it is originated from Mediterranean areas. It can grow up to 3 feet high. The color of this flower is not always lavender. Some of them are a combination of purple-blue, violet-blue, and white-pink. They bloom in summer. Moreover, its USDA hardiness zone is 5 to 9.
There are many cultivars from this species. Some of them are, Hidcote, Munstead, Nana Alba, and Royal Purple. All of them have a sweet pleasant fragrance. However, they have different heights and flower colors.
It is often referred to as Spanish lavender in the U.S. This plant can grow up to 2 feet high. Its flower heads are violet to purple to pink. They are non-fragrant, but the silvery green foliage oozes sweet scent. The USDA hardiness zone of this plant is 8 to 9.
There are some cultivars of this species. Some of them are Ballerina, Regal Splendor, Kew Red, and Fathead. All of them bloom in spring to summer. Moreover, most of them have pleasant aromatic foliage.
This particular lavender species is often referred to as French lavender. The fragrance of this flower is not as strong and sweet as the English lavender. However, its leaves have a strong fragrance, a mix of lavender and rosemary scent. This plant can reach 3 feet high. Moreover, the USDA hardiness zone of this species is 8 to 11.
This Portuguese lavender can grow up to 3 feet high. The color of the flowers is pale lilac. Besides, the fragrance is more pungent and stronger than the English lavenders. They bloom between spring and summer. Besides, its USDA hardiness zone is 6 to 8.
This Egyptian lavender has pale lilac flowers which fragrance is more pungent than most lavender species. It can grow up to 3 feet high. Moreover, its USDA hardiness zone is 6 to 8.
Aside from those species and cultivars, there are other lavender cultivars which often found in gardens and fields. They are obtained from crossing two lavender species. Some of them are Hidcote Giant, Impress Purple, Grosso, and Provence.
Lavenders are pretty easy to grow. However, you need to have the right soil to be successful in planting it. Besides, you must also know everything about how to plant lavender bushes so that you know how much water and fertilizer needed by this flowering plant.
This plant needs gravelly soils or sandy soils to grow. Moreover, the pH of the soils must be between 6 and 8. With full sun, excellent drainage, and good air circulation, this plant will grow well. Besides, it grows well in subtropical areas. However, it can also grow in tropical areas. But, it takes more care to grow lavenders in this area.
Lavenders are not only beautiful for landscaping and home garden. It is also commercially cultivated for lavender oil. Some countries which have large lavender fields and produce lavender oil are England, the USA, France, South Africa, and Australia. But, in a certain region in Australia, lavenders are considered as a weed because it grows wild in large areas.
Having lavender flowers in your garden can add beauty to your exterior. Growing lavenders will not only give you beauty. But, it will also give you other benefits too. If you never plant this flowering plant before, you need to know how to plant lavender.
There are two ways of planting lavenders. You can plant it from seed or from young plant that you buy in the nursery. Starting from the seed may take more time. However, it gives you a higher chance to have a lavender flower bed at the same height. Meanwhile, growing it from young plants is more practical. But, you may need more money to buy them. These are the steps of how to plant lavender.
1. Germinating process
The first step of how to plant lavender is germinating the seeds. It can take up to three months. Therefore, you must be patient with it. The best time to do it is two or three months before the warm weather starts. To germinate this seed, you need a seedling tray and starting mix. Here are the steps of germinating lavender seed.
Purchase lavender seeds from the nursery. It is because using lavender seeds that you harvested from other plants is not practical. It requires more processes and time.
Fill in the seedling tray with the starting mix. Be sure that this mix is light and has good drainage.
Put a seed in each slot
Sprinkle it with the starting mix.
Water it until the medium is moist.
Put this seedling tray in a warm indoor area
Check this tray regularly and keep the medium moist
After 2 to 4 weeks, you will see these seed sprouting.
When it happens, remove this tray to a sunny area
2. Transplanting process
The next step in how to plant lavender is the transplanting process. It must be done when the sprouts already have left. Here are the steps of transplanting them
Prepare small pots and fill them with enough potting mix.
Mix the medium with a small amount of fertilizer. Choose slow-release fertilizer in granular form.
Make a small hole in the medium and place the lavender bush in it. You had to be careful in doing it so that the root is not broken.
Pack the hole with the potting mix and water it until it is moist.
Expose the plants to the sun gradually.
After the plants almost reach 3 inches in height, you can prepare the ground in which you will plant them.
The location you choose must be sunny and have gravelly soil.
Make some holes in this area with 12 inches interval.
Plant them carefully on the ground
3. Caring process
Lavender plants need little water. You don’t need to water it unless the soil looks dry. Moreover, you don’t need to fertilize it regularly. You are allowed to fertilize the soil, but only in a small amount. Your lavender plants may not be flowering in the first year. However, you will likely see them blooming after about two years.
All in all, the steps of how to plant lavender are not difficult to do. So long as you follow them, you will be successful in planting this fruit. As a result, you will have a more beautiful garden and gain some benefits from its flowers and leaves.