Plant Green Beans and Get Its Benefits
Green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) are an excellent vegetable. They contain various nutrients and help you stay healthy. Another great thing about this vegetable is that it is easy to plant. Even if you are a beginner in gardening, you can grow this plant easily. Once you know the methods of how to plant green beans, you will be successful in planting it. Get to Know More About Green Beans
Before we talk about how to plant green beans, it is better for you to know more about green beans. Knowing more about this vegetable plant will allow you to be successful in planting it. Moreover, it will also allow you to make the most of the yield of this plant. Here are some interesting facts about this vegetable plant.
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1. Brief History of Green Beans
Green beans, one of the species of legumes, originally come from Peru. This vegetable plant then spread to South America and Central America by Indian tribes who were migrating to this area.
In the 16th century, the Spanish explorers who came back from America introduced this vegetable to Europe. Later on, green beans were spread throughout the world by trading.
The natives of America planted green beans along with corn. They did not provide any support for these plants because they grow up along the corn stalks.
The older varieties of this vegetable produce green bean pods that contained a string. It is a hard strand that runs along the length of one side of this pod. It must be removed prior to cooking.
However, in 1894, stringless beans were reproduced by Calvin Keeney for the first time in New York. After that, stringless bean varieties are reproduced and commercially cultivated.
Therefore, the green bean pods that are sold in the market these days are mostly stringless. As a result, it takes less time to prepare green beans before cooking them.
2. Green Bean Pods
Green bean pods are mostly green. However, certain variety has yellowish-green, red, streaked, or purple pods. These pods are harvested and eaten before they are ripe. When they are ripe, the seeds or beans inside them will have matured. The shape of those seeds is similar to a kidney.
Green beans are sold in various choices of products. You can buy fresh, frozen, or canned ones. This vegetable is mainly used for making casseroles, soups, and stews. However, they are sometimes fried and served with other fried vegetables.
4. Nutritional Value
Green beans offer various nutrients for us. They are high in vitamin C, K, B6, and manganese. This vegetable is also a good source of dietary fiber, iron, magnesium, folate, and vitamin B2 and B1. Moreover, they also consist of a small amount of protein, vitamin A, B3, B5, calcium, potassium, and phosphorus.
5. Benefit of Planting Green Beans for Your Garden
This particular vegetable is not only offering some health benefits for you. But, it is also good for your garden. Therefore, if you want to get those benefits readily, you must plant this vegetable. And to be successful in planting it, you must know how to plant green beans.
Green beans and other legumes can improve the amount of nitrogen in your soil. This plant will catch the nitrogen in the air. With the help of certain soil bacteria, this nitrogen is converted into ammonium nitrogen which is released to the soil. Later on, some of the ammonium nitrogen is absorbed by the plant.
As a result, the soil in your garden will have more nitrogen because of this nitrogen-fixing plant. However, to make your green beans give back to your garden, your soil must have the right soil bacteria.
Different legumes need different soil bacteria. In consequence, you need to ensure that you get the right bacteria by getting green beans that are inoculated by this soil bacteria.
Moreover, if you want your garden soil has more nitrogen, you need to kill your green bean plants before they are flowering. After killing them, you can use this plant as compost or mulch. Therefore, your soil will have more nitrogen and be more fertile.
Certain green bean varieties can be eaten raw. However, most green bean varieties cannot be eaten fresh because they contain lectins. These properties can cause digestive problems. To reduce the amount of lectins, green beans must be cooked.
In addition, canned green beans contain sodium. This substance can increase your risk of high blood pressure, heart failure, kidney stones, and other conditions.
Therefore, you must drain canned beans and rinse them in order to lower the sodium level. But, if you suffer from high blood pressure, you had better avoid this product and choose the fresh or frozen ones.
7. Types of green beans
Green bean plants are grouped into two main groups based on their growth habit. Each of them requires different maintenance because they have different characteristics.
Therefore, it is important for you to know how to plant green beans if you want to achieve success in planting them. Those two main groups are:
This type of green bean has a habit of growing as a climbing vine. It can grow very tall, up to 15 feet. As a result, it needs staking or trellis. It usually produces pods after 55 to 65 days of planting. This particular plant can yield for a month or two if you keep harvesting the pods. Some cultivars of pole bean are Fortex, Kentucky Wonder, and Rattlesnake.
This type of green bean is short. Its maximum height is about 2 feet tall. Therefore, it doesn’t need any supports. This vegetable plant starts producing pods after 50 to 55 days of planting. However, the beans are produced all at once. Therefore, it is better for you to perform successive planting. Some cultivars of bush bean are Blue Lake, Contender, and Provider.
8. Green Bean Characteristics in General
Before you apply the methods of how to plant green beans, you need to know their general characteristics. As a result, you will have a successful yield in the summer.
This vegetable plant is an annual plant. Therefore, it will die after producing the pods. A green bean plant requires well-drained and fertile soil.
However, you don’t need to add fertilizer as a part of caring for this plant. It is because green bean roots produce their own nitrogen, similar to other legume plants.
In addition, this plant requires full sun. As a result, you must plant it in an area with full sun. Moreover, you must also make sure that the soil in that area is slightly acidic. It is because this vegetable plant needs soil with a pH level of 6 to 6.2.
Green beans are cultivated all over the world. It is because this plant capable of adapting itself to various climates. It is suitable for USDA hardiness zones 3 to 10.
After about 50 days of planting, this plant will bloom. The flowers are white and pink or purple depend on the varieties. Moreover, the pollination of this flower is done by insects.
Even though a green bean plant is easy to grow, but this plant is susceptible to diseases. To minimize the risk of diseases on this plant, you must not plant them in the same area with pepper, leek, scallion, fennel, and basil. However, this plant can be planted in the same area with corn, tomato, eggplant, and carrot.
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How to Plant Green Beans
If you know what to do in how to plant green beans, you will likely gain success in growing them. When you are growing them, you will not find many challenges since they are pretty easy to plant.
However, you must make sure that pests and diseases stay away from them. In addition, you must also plant green beans at the right time, i.e. in spring, particularly when the danger of frost is gone.
Green beans are planted from the seeds. And as stated before, you had better get the inoculated seeds because your soil may not have the right soil bacteria for your green beans.
With the inoculated ones, you can be sure that the plants will be able to fix their own nitrogen. Once you get those seeds, you can start the steps of how to plant green beans.
It is recommended for you to germinate green bean seeds in the ground directly. If you germinate them on a seedling tray, the seedlings may not survive the transplanting process. These are the germinating process that you must do.
- You need to prepare the soil first so that it meets the requirements of green bean plants. The soil must be a bit sandy, fertile, and well-drained. In addition, its pH level must be around 6. To fertilize the soil, you can use enough amount of compost. And to make your soil more acidic, you can add some peat.
- Make 2-inch-deep holes to sow the seeds. In making these holes, you must give enough spacing between plants and between rows. For pole beans, the required spacing is 6 inches between plants and 12 inches between rows. For bush beans, the required spacing is 4 inches between plants and 4 inches between rows.
- Set up the trellises, if you are going to plant pole beans. In setting these trellises, you need to make sure that its height is 6 to 7 feet tall.
- Plant the seeds in each hole and cover it with the soil. After that, mist the soil until it is moist enough.
Once you plant the seeds, all you need to do is waiting for them to sprout roots and leaves. After that, the next step of how to plant green beans is caring.
Green beans are light feeders. You don’t need to fertilize the soil once they are planted. However, you need to give certain care so that they will yield success.
Green beans need 1.5 to 2 inches of water in a week. On a sunny day, you need to make sure that they get enough water, especially when they start flowering.
In watering these plants, you must do it carefully. Therefore, the dirt of the soil will not be splashed on them. As a result, you can minimize the occurrence of diseases.
After the seedlings grow into taller and larger plants, you need to mulch the soil around them. Mulching will protect the roots of these plants. Moreover, it will make weeds stay away from your plants.
Fighting Pests and Diseases
Green beans will likely suffer from certain pests and diseases. If you see any unhealthy signs on one of your plants, you must discard it right away. To avoid pests and diseases, you must avoid overwatering them. In addition, you must also avoid spraying water from above.
The best time to harvest your crop is when they are still young. At this stage, green beans have a tender texture and taste delicious. Bush beans yield fruits about one or two weeks before the pole beans. Moreover, they have less yield than the pole beans.
Meanwhile, pole beans have a longer time of harvest. If you pick their pods periodically, they will keep yielding crops. Since you will likely get numerous green beans from your plants, you must store them properly so that you can cook them later.
If you plan to cook those beans next week, you can simply put unwashed beans inside a storage bag. After that, you can store them in the fridge.
However, if you want to store them for a long time, you need to freeze them in the freezer. Frozen beans can last from 3 to 6 months.
Some people prefer to wash the beans and store them in a sealed bag before putting them in the fridge. However, some others prefer to cut them, wash them, and then steam them for 3 minutes before packing and storing.
Green beans are healthy and will give back to your garden. Therefore, it is a good idea to have them in your garden. Now, that you know how to plant green beans, you will not find any difficulties in planting them.
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