How to Grow Mustard Greens – Mustard is a very popular plant. Almost everyone knows this plant. Many people like this plant, because the leaves are vegetables, which are often cooked that have good taste. These vegetables also have many properties that are good for the human body.
Getting these vegetables is very easy because these vegetables are often sold in traditional markets and malls at relatively cheap prices.
If you are a person who often consumes these vegetables every day then you will feel that they are expensive. You can think like that because you spend a lot of money to buy vegetables, a lot.
That won’t happen if you grow your mustard greens. You can plant it in a garden, in a pot, or you can plant it with a hydroponic system.
The most important thing before planting mustard is learning how to plant mustard properly.
- 1 Types of Mustard
- 2 Plant Media
- 3 How to Grow Mustard Greens
- 3.1 How to grow mustard greens in garden soil or fields
- 3.1.1 – Choosing a Good Land or Field for Planting Mustard Greens
- 3.1.2 – Cultivate the Land so that He becomes Better for Mustard Plants
- 3.1.3 – Choosing Good Mustard Seeds
- 3.1.4 – Seeding the Mustard Seed with Polybag
- 3.1.5 – Seeding the Mustard Seed with Rockwool
- 3.1.6 – The process of planting shoots mustard
- 3.1.7 – How to Take Care of Mustard Plants
- 3.1.8 – How to harvest mustard
- 3.2 How to Grow Mustard Greens in Pot or Poly Bag
- 3.3 How to Grow Mustard Greens with Hydroponic System
- 3.1 How to grow mustard greens in garden soil or fields
- 4 Video on How to Grow Mustard Greens
Types of Mustard
Sawi has several types that are popular among the people. They plant it for their consumption or sale.
Here are the types of mustard greens:
1. Mustard Green
This type of mustard is very popular in Indonesia. This mustard is also called mustard meatballs, mustard greens, and mustard greens Caisim or Caisin.
2. Indian mustard
This mustard is called Brassica Juncea. This type of mustard is the result of natural crossing from Brassica Rapa and Brassica Nigra species.
3. Mustard White
This mustard is called chicory because it has pale yellow leaves and a white stalk. He is also known as Chinese cabbage. Chinese people often mix their dishes with these mustard greens, so it is also known as Chinese mustard greens.
4. Mustard Spoon
This mustard is very popular in the community. These vegetables can be eaten fresh. This mustard is sometimes also referred to as mustard greens because it has the same function.
This vegetable has a stiffer texture and smaller size than green mustard greens. This mustard is very popular in China, and it is cultivated in the country. But now, the plant has been cultivated in various countries.
Media referred to in agriculture is not media that spreads news such as radio, television, sites, social media, or other digital platforms. What is meant by the media in this case is a material that plants grow in it.
Before we plant a plant, we must determine in advance in which media we will plant the plant. Plant media materials are soil (fields, gardens, polybags, and pots), peat, coconut fiber, bark chips.
You can also plant these plants with a hydroponic system. And the planting media material in the hydroponic system is clay, stone, stone wool, plastic foam, and pearlite, and vermiculite.
If you want to grow mustard greens, then choose what media material you will grow mustard greens in it.
How to Grow Mustard Greens
There are many choices in growing mustard greens in the soil. You can plant mustard greens in gardens, fields, pots, containers, and poly bags.
How to grow mustard greens in garden soil or fields
There are many things you must do to succeed in planting mustard greens in the garden or field.
– Choosing a Good Land or Field for Planting Mustard Greens
- Choose fields or gardens that have fertile soil.
- Do not often put the mustard seed in the sun or make a plastic cover, to cover the mustard seed, so that the seedlings are kept from the sun that continues to shine.
- Good soil for mustard planting is soil that has a neutral pH (6-6.5).
- A good temperature for planting mustard greens is 15-32 degrees celsius.
- Air that is suitable for planting mustard greens is the air that has 80-90 percent humidity, so mustard must always be wet.
- Excessive water can damage the plant.
– Cultivate the Land so that He becomes Better for Mustard Plants
- Hold the soil so that it becomes loose.
- The soil must have low acidity. If the acidity is high, then sprinkle in the soil special lime for plants, such as dolomite (CaMg (CO3) 2) or calcite lime (CaCO3). After, wait for the land for 2 weeks.
- Sprinkle fertilizer made from livestock manure in the soil, then stir, until the soil and dirt are mixed.
- Wait for the land for 2 months. This is done so that the toxins in it disappear.
- Remove the growing grass, which will disturb the mustard plants.
- Make a long mound, and hole the mound. The hole is a medium for planting mustard seedlings.
– Choosing Good Mustard Seeds
Planting mustard greens from good seeds is very important. Good seedlings are one of the things that cause mustard yields of good quality. So, how does mustard seed have good quality? Here are the characteristics:
- Mustard seeds are shiny and slippery.
- The shape of the seed is round.
- The size of the seed is small.
- The seed coat is brown.
- The seeds have a hard texture.
- The age of the seed is at least 70 days after it has been taken from the plant.
- If the seeds are soaked in water, they will sink. Mustard seeds that can sink in water are better than seeds that can’t sink in water.
– Seeding the Mustard Seed with Polybag
How to seed collards with poly bags?
- Prepare a polybag.
- After that, prepare the soil, charcoal husk, and fertilizer from livestock manure and mix it all with a ratio of 2: 1: 1.
- Put the mixture (soil, husk charcoal, and fertilizer) into the poly bag.
- Enter 5-10 of the mustard seeds in the polybag.
- Keep the seedlings planted in a cool place.
- Do not often put it in a place that gets sunlight, so that the seeds grow quickly.
- Fill the polybag twice a day.
- If the seedling has grown, then wait for 10 days.
– Seeding the Mustard Seed with Rockwool
- Prepare Rockwool in a container, and it is growing media.
- Water Rockwool with clean, clear water.
- Hollow out the Rockwool.
- Put mustard seeds in the Rockwool hole.
- Store Rockwool that already contains the seeds, in a cool, dark place so that the seeds grow into buds quickly.
- After the shoots appear and grow, then put the buds in a place that has good sunlight intensity.
– The process of planting shoots mustard
- Plant mustard buds in a mound hole that has been prepared in a field or garden.
- These shoots do not need excessive fertilizer. Because if the shoots get excessive fertilizer, then it interferes with the growth process so that it cannot produce a maximum harvest.
– How to Take Care of Mustard Plants
- Pull out grass or weeds that grow around the mustard plants.
- Water the plant regularly, because it must be wet.
- If a plant dies, replace it immediately with new shoots.
- Do not let diseases that cause the death of a mustard plant, spread to other plants.
- Control and crush pests by spraying the recommended liquid.
- Wait for these plants for 15 days. After that, if there are mustard plants that grow tightly with other plants, then cut the leaves. This was done so that the maximum yield.
- Cultivate these plants after 3 weeks.
- Organic fertilizers are better for plants and soil than synthetic fertilizers.
– How to harvest mustard
- The age of mustard greens that are ready to be harvested is around 2 months.
- Don’t pull out the mustard root. That’s not the way to harvest mustard greens.
- Cut the base of the stem of the plant.
- Water the plants that are still rooted in the soil.
- Store harvested mustard greens in a cool place.
- Do not put mustard harvested in a sunny place, so that it does not wither.
How to Grow Mustard Greens in Pot or Poly Bag
If you don’t have good land to grow mustard greens, then you can plant it in pots or poly bags. And you can plant these plants around your house so that the maintenance of these plants is easier for you because it is so close to your house.
The following are ways to plant mustard greens in pots or poly bags.
- Prepare a large pot or poly bag.
- Prepare loose soil, which has been mixed with husk charcoal and fertilizer from livestock manure.
- Put the soil in a pot or poly bag.
- Make 3-5 small holes in the ground in the pot or poly bag.
- Inserting mustard buds into the hole.
- Water the plants regularly.
- Cultivate the mustard plants once a week.
How to Grow Mustard Greens with Hydroponic System
– Advantages of Planting with a Hydroponic System
- The method is environmentally friendly.
- The system does not require wider land.
- The method minimizes the arrival of pests and diseases.
- The system is not very dependent on the season.
– Process of growing mustard using the hydroponic method
- Prepare a bottle or pot that is a mustard growth media.
- Adding water that has been mixed with certain recommended nutrients.
- Prepare pipes or styrofoam. The tool is used to support the top of the bottle or pot (net pot) so that the plant does not touch directly with these nutrients.
- Prepare husk ash, which is a planting medium. The mustard shoots will be planted and grown in the husk ash.
- If you plant mustard buds in the husk ash which is a new medium, then you must include a little old planting media.
- Plant these shoots as deep as 2 cm.
- These plants also need excessive sunlight.
– How to treat mustard planted with the hydroponic method
- Provide nutrition by recommendations.
- Control and eradicate weeds and pests regularly.
- Pull out plants that are dead and stunted by disease and replace them with new shoots, so they don’t spread to other plants.
– How to Harvest the Mustard Planted by the Hydroponic Method
- Cut the base of the stem of mustard plants.
- If you pull out the roots then you have to replant in the hydroponic media.