Have you ever seen a green moist plant that usually grows on rocks or walls? That plant is called moss. Moss usually grows on a dense surface in the shape of clumps. The clumps are made of one cell leaves and a stem.
Moss has its own division in the kingdom of Plantae which is called bryophyte. Nowadays, the gardener is growing moss for decoration purposes, whether it is for an event or their own garden.
Easy Guide to Grow Moss
Before starting to grow moss, the gardener should know some benefits of growing moss. Moss is an uncommon plant to grow.
Many gardeners, especially beginners in gardening, probably choose flowers or herb plants to grow in their garden.
However, there are perks of growing moss that only a few people know. Here is a list of why every gardener should at least know how to grow moss on their own garden.
It requires minimal care
Some plants take extra effort and care to grow. However, moss can stay alive and green for quite a long time.
Moss can grow in several shades of green, but it never changes colors to brown or black.
Moss only needs minimal care from the gardener. It only needs a damp surface to be grown and to be kept moist by sprays of water.
It is convenient
Do you have a shadier spot in your garden that will not be getting as much direct sunlight as any part of the garden? Luckily, moss can grow even in shades.
Moreover, moss is very convenient to be taken care of as it also does not need to be mowed. Moss also can be grown quite fast.
Moss only take a maximum of three weeks to form roots after it was spread or transplanted on the surface.
It is easy to be spread
There are many ways to plant moss. Moss can be directly planted by acquiring the starter from the wild or mixed with other ingredients to create a faster growing spores.
Moss can grow in an area that is dense or damp. It is very easy to spread and transplant moss whether it is on a wet surface or on rocks.
When to Grow Moss
It is important to notice the best time of the year to start planting moss.
Moss is best to be planted at the beginning of spring or the time of early March when the last hint of winter has melted away.
The moss mats that have been planted early when the temperature has not hit the highest in summer will be able to set themselves ready before the hot season disturbs its growing process.
Select a shadier spot in your own garden to start planting moss in.
The gardener can grow moss indoors and also on the outdoor lawn. For outdoor moss growing, there are two techniques that can be used which are transplanting and using a slurry.
The slurry is also known as starter moss, made by mixing moss with a liquid together to get a starter mixture to be planted on stone.
Transplanting moss is a technique for moss to be grown on lawn outdoors.
Read also: how to plant lemon seeds
How to Grow Moss from Starter Moss
The gardener should notice that moss is grown from their spores. There are generally two types of moss which are pleurocarpous moss and acrocarpous moss.
The difference between the two is pleurocarpous is relatively thinner and it will grow and spread more quickly.
However, acrocarpous moss is thicker. Both mosses will not produce flowers and will stay green. Moss can be grown on lawn started from a slurry or starter moss.
Slurry or starter moss can be picked up on your local garden stores or online. Starter moss can also be found in the garden, woods, or anywhere in the wild.
Bring utilities to need to get your wild moss and simply scoop them up from the ground. One important thing to remember is to also patch out a little bit of soil along with the moss to keep it fresh and alive.
In this step, the gardener shall first pick a soil area. To start planting the moss, gardener shall pick a soil that is dense enough and does not get exposed to direct sunlight.
Some choices can be under trees or other plants. You can also plant your moss on the aquarium. One type of aquatic moss is java moss.
Aquatic mosses will provide oxygen for the living beings in your aquarium. Sphagnum, also known as peat moss, is able to survive water.
Plant the moss outdoors only requires a couple of easy steps. The first gardener should simply press the moss on the damp surface and then push it slightly to keep it in place.
Use some stones or rocks for the early growth of the plants to help them stay in place while it grows roots below the surface.
Finally, keep the moss watered on the regular to ensure its healthy and speedy growth.
Moss can be propagated or spread out if you want to grow them on an entire area or lawn. The gardener shall prepare more ingredients for moss propagating.
After finding an ideal starter moss, place them in a big bowl, and prepare any kind of buttermilk that the gardener has available in the kitchen.
Prepare a blender or a mixing bowl then mix together the moss with about two bowls of buttermilk and another two ball of water.
Mix them together until it becomes a liquid. This mixture will grow into moss in a relatively quick way.
Propagating moss only works on the outside soil. You can spread out the liquid by simply spreading them on the damp surface.
However, the easier and more effective way is to use a paintbrush.
Acquire a used paintbrush available in your home and coat it with the liquid mixture. Simply brush them on the surface and do not forget to water them down to keep it moist and damp.
The mixture will grow fully into a moss within a couple of weeks.
How to Grow Moss as an Art Decoration
There are many reasons why gardeners learn how to grow moss. If you have an artistry kick, you can also use moss as an outdoor art for your own garden.
In order to do this, you shall prepare the liquid mixture of buttermilk and moss ready as well as your old and used a paintbrush.
Next, you shall prepare the surface on which you want the moss art to be painted on. The gardener can paint the moss on walls or on a stone.
When it is already, it is time to create art. Make an outline of the art and then cover the outline with a liquid mixture of moss using the paintbrush.
After the painting has been finished, do not forget to get them on the daily by spraying them with water regularly. Decorate the art with flowers such as rose.
The surface will be filled with greenish soft moss and it will create a wonderful art piece of your own creation within a few weeks.
How to Grow Moss by Transplanting
There is one more way on how to grow moss outdoors. Gardener can use the transplanting method to plant and spread moss directly on the large area of the lawn.
Gardener can use moss to fill up the cooler spot under the trees. Transplanting the moss on a large surface can be done in a few easy to be followed steps.
First, the gardener shall dig up and sweep the area on the soil in which they want to plant and grow the moss. Sweep and weed out the soil in order to make it ready for planting.
Second, the gardener shall measure the pH of the area. The pH of the soil should not be too acid, if it is too acid then the gardener shall add a compost to balance the pH number.
Third, the gardener shall water the area evenly. Ensure that all areas are covered and it is damp enough for the moss to grow in.
However, avoid overwatering the soil. The soil areas should not be covered in puddles of water. Finally, place the moss on top of the dense surface and pat it down gently.
To pin the moss in place, the gardener can also use stones to keep it in place. Keep the moss plant wet and damp by watering it regularly for a couple of weeks and it should form root by a few weeks.
Read also: how to grow mushrooms
How to Grow Moss Indoors
The gardener also has an alternative to grow moss indoors. Pay attention carefully on how to grow moss indoors to grow them correctly.
Technically, moss can be grown indoors for decoration purposes.
Gardener can plant and grow the moss in a container such as a decoration see-through glass jars, in an aquarium, or in a terrarium.
Growing moss indoors only requires several ingredients and simple steps. It also needs minimal care as it generally just need to be kept moist and away from direct sunlight.
Moss can be planted and grown indoors by creating their own moss garden. Gardeners only need a terrarium to grow their little moss garden in.
The steps are quite easy. First, put down pebbles and charcoal on the bottom of the terrarium. Afterward, add soils and ensure to keep the soil damp.
Finally, place the moss on the soil and pat them gently. The gardener can also add different types of stones for decorative purposes and also to keep the moss in its place.
The moss garden will be fully grown in about a few weeks since it was first planted. Ensure the moss to be well moist by spraying it with enough water every day.
The gardener shall keep them from direct sunlight to avoid it getting too hot and disrupt the growth, however, the gardener can give them about a few hours of healthy morning light to boost the growth of the plant.
How to Grow Moss Bonsai
Aside from decorative purposes, moss can also be grown indoors and used as a companion plant to be grown with your bonsai plant.
Moss brings many benefits to bonsai, including serving as an insulator and keeping the roots of bonsai protected.
Aside from these benefits to your bonsai plant, moss can be served as an additional decoration to bonsai.
There are several tips to grow moss as a companion for bonsai. First, the moss spores should be over planted.
The gardener should only use a small packet of moss for one bonsai plant. Second, ensure to make the soil near the bonsai plant damp enough before you plant the moss.
Moss needs a wet and well-moisture surface to grow. Finally, do not keep it under direct sunlight to keep the moss from drying out.
The gardener should keep the moss spores moist regularly for them to grow healthily.
Those are some steps and guidelines on how to grow moss in your own garden. Moss has many ways of growing and also has many types and purposes.
Spanish moss can be caused damage to trees, however, it can be utilized as stuffing materials for the packaging of goods.
For decorative purposes, there are Irish moss and bonsai moss.
Moss needs a little to none care from gardener. Moss can be grown anywhere as long as the surface is dense and away from direct sunlight.
Moss is best grown in early spring to avoid getting an extremely hot temperature during its growing stages.
The gardener can grow moss for decorative purposes or as a companion of other plants such as bonsai moss and aquatic moss.
It is easy, cheap, and convenient to grow moss as an alternative gardening plant.
Read also: how to grow Brussel sprouts